Photo Essay: Migrant Workers in Jordan’s Garment Industry

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South Asian migrant workers in a garment factory in Jordan. Photo by Sabrina Toppa.

Over the past twenty years, Jordan has emerged as a critical node in the global apparel supply chain, which in Jordan employs more than 60,000 workers. Almost 70 percent of the kingdom’s garment employees are female foreign workers from South Asian countries like Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal. Yet while the kingdom offers comparatively favorable labor laws for the region, many of these migrant workers are still legally and economically vulnerable. Continue reading

Migrating from traditional roles

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People move from one country to the other primarily for better economic opportunities. No doubt it is not an easy option to leave your family and head for a destination where you have to work like machines and go through excessive mental stress.

Official figures show that a total of 5.4 million Pakistani workers went overseas for employment from 2003 to 2015. Around 97 per cent of these went to Gulf Corporation Council (GCC) countries including Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Qatar. The contributions of these labour migrants are highlighted from time to time and the foreign remittances they send home are termed to be a lifeline for the country’s economy. During the year 2015-2016, Pakistani expatriates sent foreign remittances worth $19.9 billion which is not small a figure. Continue reading

Ensure safe, orderly and regular migration

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Migrants workers are not slaves. They are human beings too, and have rights to survive with dignity like others in the world”, Dulal of Bangladesh said to me, while returning from Qatar recently. In Doha, Qatar to report on the plights of migrant workers, I met and talked to some of the ill-fated migrant workers of Bangladesh, they were returning Bangladesh empty handed. Dulal of Chittagong was one of them. His father paid Taka six hundred thousand to a middleman to send him to Qatar for what was purported to be a well-paid job. The broker arranged for a one-month’s VISA (In the name of free VISA) for Dulal from Dhaka, and urged him to go to Qatar, promising that the work visa would be extended for three years once he was there. At the end of the month however there was not only no extension, but the broken disappeared. Dulal never saw the broker again in Qatar and even the broker refused to answer his desperate calls. Continue reading

Skilled Vs. Unskilled Workers And Sri Lanka’s Migrant Labour Problem

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Sending qualified nurses to the US is among the steps Sri Lanka is taking to ensure its mirgant labour force is made up of more skilled workers. Image courtesy slbfe.lk

The Government recently passed a regulation further tightening the current selection criteria imposed on women seeking foreign employment. According to the Government, the motive here is to discourage women from seeking foreign employment as domestic workers or caregivers. Alternatively, the Government is promoting more professionals to seek foreign employment through a Government controlled system. Even with these restrictions, the Sri Lankan labour migration sector is still the number one industry bringing in the highest amount of foreign revenue to the country. Continue reading

Rethinking labour migration

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Pakistan has long been a major exporter of human resource, primarily to the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries including Saudi Arabia, UAE and Qatar, and receives substantial foreign remittances sent by the expatriates every year. Opportunities opened up for Pakistani workers in the Gulf region soon after the boom in the oil sector and the development that followed in 1970s.

Data shows that this export of human resource continues. From 2003 to 2015, a total of 5.4 million Pakistani workers went overseas for employment, of which around 97 percent headed to the GCC region. During FY2015-2016, the foreign remittances sent by overseas Pakistanis were around $19.9 billion, which close to what was earned through exports of goods and services from the country. The highest share comes obviously from those working in Saudi Arabia and the UAE as these countries host nearly 93 percent of all Pakistani workers who have gone abroad for work. Continue reading

Legal deadline problems for migrants workers (Nepali)

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हदम्यादको झमेला

वैदेशिक रोजगार ऐन तथा नियमावली र व्यवसायीको आफ्नै नियमका कारण कैयौं कामदारहरू आफूले पाउनुपर्ने क्षतिपूर्ति तथा आर्थिक सहायताबाट वञ्चित भएका छन् । वैदेशिक रोजगारीमा जाने बेला जानकारी नदिइने त्यस्ता थरीथरीका हदम्यादले कामदारहरू झुक्किने गरेका छन् ।

वैदेशिक रोजगारीमा जाँदा कामदारलाई समस्या परे कुन निकायमा उजुरी/निवेदन दिने र त्यसको हदम्याद कति हुन्छ भन्ने जानकारी भने दिने गरिएको छैन । वैदेशिक रोजगारमा जाने कामदारले अनिवार्य रूपमा दुईदिने अभिमुखीकरण तालिम लिनुपर्छ । तर यो विषयबारे कामदारलाई सूचना दिने गरेको पाइँदैन । कामदार तथा परिवार कसैलाई पनि जानकारी नदिइँदा ठूलो समस्या भोग्नुपरेको पीडितको गुनासो छ । ‘म्यानपावर कम्पनी र दलालले ल भिसा झर्‍यो, अब जाउँ भन्छन्, कर्मचारीले श्रम स्वीकृति दिन्छन् तर केही जानकारी दिँदैनन्,’ कुवेतमा मृत्यु भएका तनहुँको तनहुँचोक चिसापानीका वीरबहादुर गुरुङका जेठान महेन्द्रजंग गुरुङले कान्तिपुरसँग भने । Continue reading

Nepal’s Agenda on GFMD to be held Dhaka (Nepali)

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जीएफएमडीमा नेपालले श्रम सम्झौताको विषय उठाउने

नेपालले अगामी ‘प्रवासन र विकाससम्बन्धी विश्व मञ्च (जीएफएमडी)’ सम्मेलनमा कामदार पठाउने र मगाउने राष्ट्रबीच द्विपक्षीय सम्झौता (बीएलए) गर्नुपर्ने विषय उठाउने भएको छ । आप्रवासी कामदारले समस्या भोग्दै आए पनि तिनको समाधान हुन नसकेको भन्दै नेपालले कामदारका अधिकार सुरक्षित गर्न बीएलएमा जोड दिन लागेको हो । जीएफएमडीका लागि नेपालका ‘फोकल’ अधिकारी तथा श्रम मन्त्रालयका प्रवक्ता गोविन्दमणि भुर्तेलले वैदेशिक रोजगारलाई सुरक्षित र व्यवस्थित बनाउन कामदार पठाउने र मगाउने राष्ट्रबीच बीएलए हुनुपर्नेबारे सम्मेलनमा आवाज उठाउने बताए । उनले भने, ‘कामदार लैजान लालायित हुने तर बीएलए गर्न कन्ने प्रवृत्ति छ ।’ बीएलए बाध्यकारी, प्राविधिक समिति र समीक्षा हुने कारणले नेपालले पछिल्लो पटक एमओयूभन्दा बीएलएमा जोड दिएको छ । नेपालले कतारसँग मात्र बीएलए गरेको छ । समझदारीपत्र (एमओयू) मा बहराइन, यूएई, कोरिया (ईपीएस), जापान (प्रशिक्षार्थी कामदार) र इजरायल (केयर गिभर) सँग हस्ताक्षर भएको छ । Continue reading

Human trafficking and foreign employment (Nepali)

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वैदेशिक रोजगारीभित्रको मानव बेचबिखन

देशको मुख्य प्रशासनिक केन्द्र सिंहदरबारभित्र दुई मिनेटको पैदल दूरीका पर्छन्– श्रम तथा रोजगार मन्त्रालय र महिला, बालबालिका तथा समाज कल्याण मन्त्रालय । श्रम मन्त्रालयले हेर्न एक महत्त्वपूर्ण क्षेत्रमध्ये वैदेशिक रोजगार छ भने महिला मन्त्रालयले मानव बेचबिखन तथा ओसारपसार नियन्त्रण । श्रम मन्त्रालय अन्तर्गत वैदेशिक रोजगार ऐन र महिला मन्त्रालय अन्तर्गत मानव बेचबिखन तथा ओसारपासर (नियन्त्रण) गर्ने सम्बन्धमा व्यवस्था गर्न बनेको ऐन ९ वर्षदेखि कार्यान्वयनमा छ्रन् । यी दुवै ऐन २०६४ मा आए र एकाध वर्षदेखि तिनलाई समयानुकूल परिवर्तन गर्नुपर्छ भन्ने कुरा चल्दै आयो, जुन अहिले पनि जारी छ । ‘केही नेपाल ऐनलाई संशोधन गर्ने ऐन–२०७२’ बाहेक ती दुबैको अद्योपान्त अध्ययन र समयानुकूल संशोधन हुनसकेको छैन । अहिले पनि ती ऐनहरू संशोधनको लागि बहस चल्छ तर ती दुई मन्त्रालयबीच छलफल हुनुपर्ने ऐनका केही प्रावधानबारे अहिलेसम्म पनि संयुक्त बैठक, बहस र अध्ययन भएको छैन । भौतिक रूपमा ती मन्त्रालयहरू नजिकै भए पनि सहकार्य र समन्वयका हिसाबले तिनीहरू कोसौं टाढाका सञ्चारविहीन दुर्गम बस्तीजस्ता छन् । Continue reading

GFMD and global partnership for women’s safe migration

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GFMD and global partnership for women’s safe migrationThe foreign ministry of Bangladesh recently briefed the heads of diplomatic missions in Dhaka on the upcoming 3-day ninth summit of the Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) to be held on December 10-12, 2016. The theme of this year’s summit is: “Migration that works for Sustainable Development for all: Towards a Transformative Migration Agenda.”

Bangladesh government expects that talks at the summit will allow Bangladesh to deal with migration issues bilaterally with other countries, in a more systematic manner. It is also most likely to open new opportunities of migrants from Bangladesh; the country’s economy relies heavily on the remittances that migrant workers send home. Bangladesh ranks seventh in the list of the world’s top remittance-receiving nations. According to the Bangladesh government, remittances amounted to as an incredible $15.31 billion in fiscal 2015 — the highest in the country’s history, accounted for around ten per cent of the country’s GDP. Continue reading

Who guards the guards?

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SENTRY DUTY: After retiring from the Nepal Army, Dhan Singh Dhami worked in Afghanistan 2004-2015 as a security guard for an American contractor. He wanted to go back to Kabul, but is stuck in Kathmandu (overleaf) even after the ban on Nepalis working in Afghanistan was lifted last month.

Simplifying the recruitment process and easing restrictions will help Nepalis working in Afghanistan more than a blanket ban

Dhan Singh Dhami could have been at his duty station as a security guard in Afghanistan by now, but a four-month ban on Nepalis working in the war-torn country delayed his plan.

After the death of 13 Nepalis guarding the Canadian Embassy in a terrorist attack in Kabul in June, the government prohibited Nepalis from going to Afghanistan. Dhami was stuck in Kathmandu, and rues: “If it were not for the ban, I would have earned Rs 600,000 by now. I lost three months’ salary,” he said.

But one month after the ban was lifted, the 50-year-old ex-soldier is still waiting because he is being given the runaround by his recruiter. He is not sure if and when he will leave Nepal. Continue reading