Category Archives: Nepal

मलेसियामा ठगिँदै नेपाली कामदार (Nepali)

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क्वालालम्पुरको जलान अम्पाङस्थित नेपाली दूतावासमा हतास मुद्रामा भेटिए, रोशन भट्ट । रावाङको एक कागजे झोला बनाउने कम्पनीमा पाँच वर्षदेखि कार्यरत उनी पछिल्ला दुई वर्षयता भने गैरकानुनी कामदारको हैसियतमा थिए । काठमाडौं बसुन्धरास्थित घरबाट बिरामी आमाले बारम्बार बोलाएपछि उनले मन थाम्न सकेनन् । त्यसैले फर्कन हतारिएका थिए । तर गैरकानुनी हैसियतमा भएकै कारण उनलाई घर फर्किन महँगो परिरहेको थियो । २६ सय रिंगिट अर्थात् नेपाली ६५ हजार नेपाली रुपैयाँ ‘दलाल’ को हातमा सुम्पेर घर फर्कने मेलोमेसो मिलाउँदै थिए उनी । भट्टले तिरेको पैसा ‘आवश्यक’ रकमभन्दा एक तिहाइले बढी हो ।

वैशाखयताको चार महिनामा मात्रै उनीजस्तै ६ हजार ६ सय ८३ गैरकानुनी हैसियतका नेपाली कामदारले ट्राभल डकुमेन्ट बनाएको दूतावासको रेकर्ड छ । अहिले ‘विधिसम्मत’ रूपमा प्रत्येक कामदारले घर फर्कंदा हवाई शुल्कसहित कम्तीमा २३ सय रिंगिट खर्च गर्नुपर्ने देखिन्छ । जसमा ट्राभल डकुमेन्टका लागि १ सय ६० रिंगिट, फोटोका लागि २० रिंगिट, घरफिर्ती प्रक्रियाका लागि मलेसिया सरकारले तोकेको कम्पनी हारफासेले लिने सेवा शुल्क ५ सय ५० रिंगिट, मलेसियाको अध्यागमन कार्यालयमा बुझाउनुपर्ने ४ सय रिंगिट र हवाई शुल्क समेटिएको हुन्छ ।  Continue reading

सकसका ५६ दिन (Nepali)

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२०७४-२०७४ असार ४ गते । चितवन गीतानगरस्थित घरबाट बुबाले एकै सासमा यति कुरा भन्नुभयो, ‘लौन के गर्ने ? त त्यहाँ छस् । के कसो गर्नुपर्ने हो तुरुन्तै बुझिहाल । सकेसम्म छिटो गर्नुपर्‍यो ।’

यति हतारिएको र मलिनो स्वरमा बुवा हत्तपत्ती बोल्नुहुँदैनथ्यो । उहाँको स्वर अक्सर गर्विलो हुने गथ्र्यो । फोन राख्नेबित्तिकै म सलङ भएँ । नसामा रगत हैन पानी बगेजस्तै भयो ।

मैले सबैभन्दा पहिले धनवीर ठूलाबालाई सम्झें । छिमेकी र बाको समवयी भएकैले उहाँलाई ठूलाबा सम्बोधन गर्थें । ठूलाबाको शालीन र मायालु स्वरले मात्रै हैन, सधैं केही न केही नयाँ गरिराख्ने र नथाक्ने स्वभावले मलाई सधैं आकर्षित गरिराख्यो । त्यति असल मान्छेको जीवनको उत्तराद्र्धमा यति ठूलो शोक पर्नु सामान्य कुरा थिएन । मनमनै सोचें, भगवान् छन् भने तिनी निर्दयी रहेछन् । तिनले पाप र धर्मको ख्याल गर्न पटक्कै जान्दा रहेनछन् । Continue reading

The embargo of Qatar is hurting foreign workers more than Qatari citizens

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When Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates led the imposition of a political and economic blockade on Qatar last month, there were immediate, far-reaching consequences: Flights were canceled and rerouted, Qatari citizens were expelled from other Arab states of the Persian Gulf, shipping routes were closed and airspace was suddenly off-limits to Qatar’s pilots. But the blockade may have the biggest effect on Qatar’s largest — and most overlooked — population: foreign migrant workers, who make up about 90 percent of the country’s population.
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Domestic flights

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In early 2004, Sushila Karki Pyakurel was on her way to Israel to work as a caretaker when she met a government official in Bangkok, en route to South Korea, for a sports programme. As soon as the man realised that she was headed for the Middle East all by herself, he asked her to return home immediately. The region was dangerous, he said, and he was willing to pay for her flight back home.

Sushila thought about the offer. She had already had qualms about the idea of working in a distant country. For months she had debated whether it was wise to leave behind her three-year-old son in order to take care of an unknown elderly in Israel. Continue reading

Never heard from again

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Hundreds of Nepali migrant workers never return home, not even in coffins. They simply disappear.

There are plenty of stories about the high mortality rate of Nepali workers abroad, or migrants being cheated by recruiters. Less well known is the fact that many Nepalis simply disappear while working abroad.

The Gulf countries and Malaysia have become a black hole for hundreds of migrant workers who have vanished without trace over the years. Their families are helpless, and do not know whether their loved ones are dead or alive. The government is of no help.

Since it started monitoring in 2009 the Foreign Employment Promotion Board has records of 5,000 Nepalis who have died abroad. But it does not have numbers for the missing. Continue reading

Legal deadline problems for migrants workers (Nepali)

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हदम्यादको झमेला

वैदेशिक रोजगार ऐन तथा नियमावली र व्यवसायीको आफ्नै नियमका कारण कैयौं कामदारहरू आफूले पाउनुपर्ने क्षतिपूर्ति तथा आर्थिक सहायताबाट वञ्चित भएका छन् । वैदेशिक रोजगारीमा जाने बेला जानकारी नदिइने त्यस्ता थरीथरीका हदम्यादले कामदारहरू झुक्किने गरेका छन् ।

वैदेशिक रोजगारीमा जाँदा कामदारलाई समस्या परे कुन निकायमा उजुरी/निवेदन दिने र त्यसको हदम्याद कति हुन्छ भन्ने जानकारी भने दिने गरिएको छैन । वैदेशिक रोजगारमा जाने कामदारले अनिवार्य रूपमा दुईदिने अभिमुखीकरण तालिम लिनुपर्छ । तर यो विषयबारे कामदारलाई सूचना दिने गरेको पाइँदैन । कामदार तथा परिवार कसैलाई पनि जानकारी नदिइँदा ठूलो समस्या भोग्नुपरेको पीडितको गुनासो छ । ‘म्यानपावर कम्पनी र दलालले ल भिसा झर्‍यो, अब जाउँ भन्छन्, कर्मचारीले श्रम स्वीकृति दिन्छन् तर केही जानकारी दिँदैनन्,’ कुवेतमा मृत्यु भएका तनहुँको तनहुँचोक चिसापानीका वीरबहादुर गुरुङका जेठान महेन्द्रजंग गुरुङले कान्तिपुरसँग भने । Continue reading

Nepal’s Agenda on GFMD to be held Dhaka (Nepali)

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जीएफएमडीमा नेपालले श्रम सम्झौताको विषय उठाउने

नेपालले अगामी ‘प्रवासन र विकाससम्बन्धी विश्व मञ्च (जीएफएमडी)’ सम्मेलनमा कामदार पठाउने र मगाउने राष्ट्रबीच द्विपक्षीय सम्झौता (बीएलए) गर्नुपर्ने विषय उठाउने भएको छ । आप्रवासी कामदारले समस्या भोग्दै आए पनि तिनको समाधान हुन नसकेको भन्दै नेपालले कामदारका अधिकार सुरक्षित गर्न बीएलएमा जोड दिन लागेको हो । जीएफएमडीका लागि नेपालका ‘फोकल’ अधिकारी तथा श्रम मन्त्रालयका प्रवक्ता गोविन्दमणि भुर्तेलले वैदेशिक रोजगारलाई सुरक्षित र व्यवस्थित बनाउन कामदार पठाउने र मगाउने राष्ट्रबीच बीएलए हुनुपर्नेबारे सम्मेलनमा आवाज उठाउने बताए । उनले भने, ‘कामदार लैजान लालायित हुने तर बीएलए गर्न कन्ने प्रवृत्ति छ ।’ बीएलए बाध्यकारी, प्राविधिक समिति र समीक्षा हुने कारणले नेपालले पछिल्लो पटक एमओयूभन्दा बीएलएमा जोड दिएको छ । नेपालले कतारसँग मात्र बीएलए गरेको छ । समझदारीपत्र (एमओयू) मा बहराइन, यूएई, कोरिया (ईपीएस), जापान (प्रशिक्षार्थी कामदार) र इजरायल (केयर गिभर) सँग हस्ताक्षर भएको छ । Continue reading

Human trafficking and foreign employment (Nepali)

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वैदेशिक रोजगारीभित्रको मानव बेचबिखन

देशको मुख्य प्रशासनिक केन्द्र सिंहदरबारभित्र दुई मिनेटको पैदल दूरीका पर्छन्– श्रम तथा रोजगार मन्त्रालय र महिला, बालबालिका तथा समाज कल्याण मन्त्रालय । श्रम मन्त्रालयले हेर्न एक महत्त्वपूर्ण क्षेत्रमध्ये वैदेशिक रोजगार छ भने महिला मन्त्रालयले मानव बेचबिखन तथा ओसारपसार नियन्त्रण । श्रम मन्त्रालय अन्तर्गत वैदेशिक रोजगार ऐन र महिला मन्त्रालय अन्तर्गत मानव बेचबिखन तथा ओसारपासर (नियन्त्रण) गर्ने सम्बन्धमा व्यवस्था गर्न बनेको ऐन ९ वर्षदेखि कार्यान्वयनमा छ्रन् । यी दुवै ऐन २०६४ मा आए र एकाध वर्षदेखि तिनलाई समयानुकूल परिवर्तन गर्नुपर्छ भन्ने कुरा चल्दै आयो, जुन अहिले पनि जारी छ । ‘केही नेपाल ऐनलाई संशोधन गर्ने ऐन–२०७२’ बाहेक ती दुबैको अद्योपान्त अध्ययन र समयानुकूल संशोधन हुनसकेको छैन । अहिले पनि ती ऐनहरू संशोधनको लागि बहस चल्छ तर ती दुई मन्त्रालयबीच छलफल हुनुपर्ने ऐनका केही प्रावधानबारे अहिलेसम्म पनि संयुक्त बैठक, बहस र अध्ययन भएको छैन । भौतिक रूपमा ती मन्त्रालयहरू नजिकै भए पनि सहकार्य र समन्वयका हिसाबले तिनीहरू कोसौं टाढाका सञ्चारविहीन दुर्गम बस्तीजस्ता छन् । Continue reading

Who guards the guards?

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SENTRY DUTY: After retiring from the Nepal Army, Dhan Singh Dhami worked in Afghanistan 2004-2015 as a security guard for an American contractor. He wanted to go back to Kabul, but is stuck in Kathmandu (overleaf) even after the ban on Nepalis working in Afghanistan was lifted last month.

Simplifying the recruitment process and easing restrictions will help Nepalis working in Afghanistan more than a blanket ban

Dhan Singh Dhami could have been at his duty station as a security guard in Afghanistan by now, but a four-month ban on Nepalis working in the war-torn country delayed his plan.

After the death of 13 Nepalis guarding the Canadian Embassy in a terrorist attack in Kabul in June, the government prohibited Nepalis from going to Afghanistan. Dhami was stuck in Kathmandu, and rues: “If it were not for the ban, I would have earned Rs 600,000 by now. I lost three months’ salary,” he said.

But one month after the ban was lifted, the 50-year-old ex-soldier is still waiting because he is being given the runaround by his recruiter. He is not sure if and when he will leave Nepal. Continue reading

The Cycle of Migration

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FOLLOWING FATHER: After his father Man Bahadur Limbu returned from Malaysia, 20-year-old Prakash Limbu went to work as a migrant worker.

Man Bahadur Limbu went to Malaysia in 2002, hoping to escape poverty and war. He worked in a factory for four years and was allowed to visit his family only once, in 2004.

He endured the burden of a loan, inhuman working conditions and separation from family. Man Bahadur, a fifth-grade dropout, ploughed his savings into education for his children so that they would never have to suffer what he did as a migrant worker.

However, his 20-year-old son Prakash Limbu (pictured) also dropped out of school in Grade 9, and went to Malaysia last year. Like his father, he is now working in a factory on the outskirts of Kuala Lumpur. Continue reading