Monthly Archives: November 2016

Legal deadline problems for migrants workers (Nepali)

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हदम्यादको झमेला

वैदेशिक रोजगार ऐन तथा नियमावली र व्यवसायीको आफ्नै नियमका कारण कैयौं कामदारहरू आफूले पाउनुपर्ने क्षतिपूर्ति तथा आर्थिक सहायताबाट वञ्चित भएका छन् । वैदेशिक रोजगारीमा जाने बेला जानकारी नदिइने त्यस्ता थरीथरीका हदम्यादले कामदारहरू झुक्किने गरेका छन् ।

वैदेशिक रोजगारीमा जाँदा कामदारलाई समस्या परे कुन निकायमा उजुरी/निवेदन दिने र त्यसको हदम्याद कति हुन्छ भन्ने जानकारी भने दिने गरिएको छैन । वैदेशिक रोजगारमा जाने कामदारले अनिवार्य रूपमा दुईदिने अभिमुखीकरण तालिम लिनुपर्छ । तर यो विषयबारे कामदारलाई सूचना दिने गरेको पाइँदैन । कामदार तथा परिवार कसैलाई पनि जानकारी नदिइँदा ठूलो समस्या भोग्नुपरेको पीडितको गुनासो छ । ‘म्यानपावर कम्पनी र दलालले ल भिसा झर्‍यो, अब जाउँ भन्छन्, कर्मचारीले श्रम स्वीकृति दिन्छन् तर केही जानकारी दिँदैनन्,’ कुवेतमा मृत्यु भएका तनहुँको तनहुँचोक चिसापानीका वीरबहादुर गुरुङका जेठान महेन्द्रजंग गुरुङले कान्तिपुरसँग भने । Continue reading

Nepal’s Agenda on GFMD to be held Dhaka (Nepali)

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जीएफएमडीमा नेपालले श्रम सम्झौताको विषय उठाउने

नेपालले अगामी ‘प्रवासन र विकाससम्बन्धी विश्व मञ्च (जीएफएमडी)’ सम्मेलनमा कामदार पठाउने र मगाउने राष्ट्रबीच द्विपक्षीय सम्झौता (बीएलए) गर्नुपर्ने विषय उठाउने भएको छ । आप्रवासी कामदारले समस्या भोग्दै आए पनि तिनको समाधान हुन नसकेको भन्दै नेपालले कामदारका अधिकार सुरक्षित गर्न बीएलएमा जोड दिन लागेको हो । जीएफएमडीका लागि नेपालका ‘फोकल’ अधिकारी तथा श्रम मन्त्रालयका प्रवक्ता गोविन्दमणि भुर्तेलले वैदेशिक रोजगारलाई सुरक्षित र व्यवस्थित बनाउन कामदार पठाउने र मगाउने राष्ट्रबीच बीएलए हुनुपर्नेबारे सम्मेलनमा आवाज उठाउने बताए । उनले भने, ‘कामदार लैजान लालायित हुने तर बीएलए गर्न कन्ने प्रवृत्ति छ ।’ बीएलए बाध्यकारी, प्राविधिक समिति र समीक्षा हुने कारणले नेपालले पछिल्लो पटक एमओयूभन्दा बीएलएमा जोड दिएको छ । नेपालले कतारसँग मात्र बीएलए गरेको छ । समझदारीपत्र (एमओयू) मा बहराइन, यूएई, कोरिया (ईपीएस), जापान (प्रशिक्षार्थी कामदार) र इजरायल (केयर गिभर) सँग हस्ताक्षर भएको छ । Continue reading

Human trafficking and foreign employment (Nepali)

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वैदेशिक रोजगारीभित्रको मानव बेचबिखन

देशको मुख्य प्रशासनिक केन्द्र सिंहदरबारभित्र दुई मिनेटको पैदल दूरीका पर्छन्– श्रम तथा रोजगार मन्त्रालय र महिला, बालबालिका तथा समाज कल्याण मन्त्रालय । श्रम मन्त्रालयले हेर्न एक महत्त्वपूर्ण क्षेत्रमध्ये वैदेशिक रोजगार छ भने महिला मन्त्रालयले मानव बेचबिखन तथा ओसारपसार नियन्त्रण । श्रम मन्त्रालय अन्तर्गत वैदेशिक रोजगार ऐन र महिला मन्त्रालय अन्तर्गत मानव बेचबिखन तथा ओसारपासर (नियन्त्रण) गर्ने सम्बन्धमा व्यवस्था गर्न बनेको ऐन ९ वर्षदेखि कार्यान्वयनमा छ्रन् । यी दुवै ऐन २०६४ मा आए र एकाध वर्षदेखि तिनलाई समयानुकूल परिवर्तन गर्नुपर्छ भन्ने कुरा चल्दै आयो, जुन अहिले पनि जारी छ । ‘केही नेपाल ऐनलाई संशोधन गर्ने ऐन–२०७२’ बाहेक ती दुबैको अद्योपान्त अध्ययन र समयानुकूल संशोधन हुनसकेको छैन । अहिले पनि ती ऐनहरू संशोधनको लागि बहस चल्छ तर ती दुई मन्त्रालयबीच छलफल हुनुपर्ने ऐनका केही प्रावधानबारे अहिलेसम्म पनि संयुक्त बैठक, बहस र अध्ययन भएको छैन । भौतिक रूपमा ती मन्त्रालयहरू नजिकै भए पनि सहकार्य र समन्वयका हिसाबले तिनीहरू कोसौं टाढाका सञ्चारविहीन दुर्गम बस्तीजस्ता छन् । Continue reading

GFMD and global partnership for women’s safe migration

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GFMD and global partnership for women’s safe migrationThe foreign ministry of Bangladesh recently briefed the heads of diplomatic missions in Dhaka on the upcoming 3-day ninth summit of the Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) to be held on December 10-12, 2016. The theme of this year’s summit is: “Migration that works for Sustainable Development for all: Towards a Transformative Migration Agenda.”

Bangladesh government expects that talks at the summit will allow Bangladesh to deal with migration issues bilaterally with other countries, in a more systematic manner. It is also most likely to open new opportunities of migrants from Bangladesh; the country’s economy relies heavily on the remittances that migrant workers send home. Bangladesh ranks seventh in the list of the world’s top remittance-receiving nations. According to the Bangladesh government, remittances amounted to as an incredible $15.31 billion in fiscal 2015 — the highest in the country’s history, accounted for around ten per cent of the country’s GDP. Continue reading

Who guards the guards?

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SENTRY DUTY: After retiring from the Nepal Army, Dhan Singh Dhami worked in Afghanistan 2004-2015 as a security guard for an American contractor. He wanted to go back to Kabul, but is stuck in Kathmandu (overleaf) even after the ban on Nepalis working in Afghanistan was lifted last month.

Simplifying the recruitment process and easing restrictions will help Nepalis working in Afghanistan more than a blanket ban

Dhan Singh Dhami could have been at his duty station as a security guard in Afghanistan by now, but a four-month ban on Nepalis working in the war-torn country delayed his plan.

After the death of 13 Nepalis guarding the Canadian Embassy in a terrorist attack in Kabul in June, the government prohibited Nepalis from going to Afghanistan. Dhami was stuck in Kathmandu, and rues: “If it were not for the ban, I would have earned Rs 600,000 by now. I lost three months’ salary,” he said.

But one month after the ban was lifted, the 50-year-old ex-soldier is still waiting because he is being given the runaround by his recruiter. He is not sure if and when he will leave Nepal. Continue reading

Safe immigration is a must

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In May 2016, while flying to Malaysia, I met Sohel. A 20-year-old boy from Barishal, the southern coastal district of Bangladesh, He was on the flight because he had been promised a well-paying job once he reached Malayasia by a labour broker in his village. For this verbal agreement, the broker took four hundred thousand Bangladeshi taka, a big amount given his family’s straitened circumstances. Sohel’s father had to sell a portion of their ancestral land to pay the broker. Sohel, however, had been given no job contract or legal document confirming his payment and employment. He didn’t even know what work he would do once he reached. As someone who could not read and could barely sign his name, Sohel’s vulnerability as a migrant worker was acute.

When I pressed for more information, I was shocked to learn that this was Sohel’s second foray at securing a job in Malayasia. He had made the same trip two months back, based on a similar promise made by the same broker.  Continue reading

The Cycle of Migration

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FOLLOWING FATHER: After his father Man Bahadur Limbu returned from Malaysia, 20-year-old Prakash Limbu went to work as a migrant worker.

Man Bahadur Limbu went to Malaysia in 2002, hoping to escape poverty and war. He worked in a factory for four years and was allowed to visit his family only once, in 2004.

He endured the burden of a loan, inhuman working conditions and separation from family. Man Bahadur, a fifth-grade dropout, ploughed his savings into education for his children so that they would never have to suffer what he did as a migrant worker.

However, his 20-year-old son Prakash Limbu (pictured) also dropped out of school in Grade 9, and went to Malaysia last year. Like his father, he is now working in a factory on the outskirts of Kuala Lumpur. Continue reading